英语

Would a Work-Free World Be So Bad ?

① People have speculated for centuries about a future without work. ② Today is no different , with academics , writers , and activists once again warning that technology is replacing human workers . ③ Some imagine that the coming work-free world will be defined by inequailty : A few wealthy people will own all the capital , and the messes will struggle in an impoverished wasteland .

① 几个世纪以来人们一直推测未来将没有工作。 ② 如今也不例外 , 学者、作家以及活动家们再一次警告说技术正取代人工。③ 其中一些人猜测即将到来的无工作世界将会以不平等为特征:少数富人将会掌握所有的资本 ,而大众将会在贫困的荒芜之地苦苦挣扎。

  • speculated /'spekjʊleɪt/ vi. 推测;投机;思索
  • capital  /'kæpɪt(ə)l/ n. 资本
  • the masses 普通百姓
  • struggle /'strʌg(ə)l/ v. 奋斗;挣扎
  • impoverished /ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt/ adj. 穷困的
  • wasteland   /'weɪs(t)lænd/ n.荒芜之地

① A different and not mutually exclusive prediction holds that the future will be a wasteland of a different sort , one characterized by purposelessness : Without jobs to give their lives meaning , people will simply become lazy and depressed . ② Indeed , today's unemployed don't seem to be having a great time . ③ One Gallup poll found that 20 persent of Americans who have been unemployed for at least a year report having depression , double the rate for working Americans. ④ Also , some research suggests that the explanation for rising rates of mortality , mental-health problems , and addiction among poorly-educated middle-aged people is a shortage of well-paid jobs . ⑤ Perhaps this is why many worry about the agonizing dullness of a jobless future .

① 另外一种与其不同但是并不矛盾的预言认为 , 未来会是另一种荒芜之地 ,一个以 “漫无目的” 为特征的荒芜之地 : 没有了工作赋予生活以意义 , 人们只会变得懒惰和消沉 。 ② 的确如此 ,如今的无工作者似乎过得并不快乐 。 ③ 一项盖洛普民意调查发现,在失业至少一年的美国人当中 , 有20%表示患有抑郁症 , 其比例是有工作的美国人的两倍 。 ④ 某项研究也表明 ,在受教育程度低的中年人当中,死亡、心理健康问题以及染上毒瘾者的比例不断增长的原因是缺少高薪工作。⑤ 或许这解释了为什么许多人担忧无工作的未来会满是痛苦沉闷。

  • mutually /ˈmjuːtʃuəli/  exclusive 互相排斥的
  • prediction /prɪ'dɪkʃ(ə)n/  holds that ... 预测认为
  • one characterized /'kærəktə,raɪzd/ by 一个以...为特征
  • purposelessness 漫无目的
  • explanation  /eksplə'neɪʃ(ə)n/  n. 解释 the explanation for..
  • among /ə'mʌŋ/  prep. 在...中间
  • agonizing /'ægənaɪzɪŋ/  adj. 痛苦难忍的
  • dullness /'dʌlnɪs/ n. 沉闷
Aron
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